Pregnancy is one of the most crucial points in a woman’s life. And bleeding during pregnancy 6 weeks (first trimester) should be seriously concerned. It can signal several different problems, but the good news it is not always a symptom of problem. In fact, there are also some women with first trimester bleeding can get a successful delivery and have a healthy baby.
However this doesn’t mean that you can ignore bleeding in the first trimester. To keep safe, you need to report this symptom to you healthcare provider so thus you will get a clearly diagnosis, more advice, and prompt treatment if necessary!
What else other crucial issues associated with bleeding during pregnancy you should know – especially if it occurs in the first trimester?
The growth of your baby in 6 weeks pregnant
There are many major developments in this week. It is crucial time for your baby to begin developing some major organs (such as ears, mouth, and nose). In this stage, your baby is now similar to the size of a lentil. Below is a helpful picture (credit to babycenter.com) to describe these progresses!
In the 6th week of pregnancy, you may notice that you develop a bit of a split personality – for instance, you may feel an intense moody all day long. You may also notice spots of blood (familiar called spotting) on your toilet tissue /underpants after urinating. This symptom is pretty common – about a quarter of pregnant women have it in the early weeks of their pregnancy.
Bleeding in the early pregnancy – is it normal?
As mentioned before, 6th week or first trimester bleeding doesn’t always point to miscarriage /another problem. There are many pregnant women who experience it – in other words, this symptom is pretty common!
Did you know that about 15 to 20 percent of all pregnancies cease in miscarriage – and most of these cases occur before women even realize that they are being pregnant! Then for approximately 20 to 30 percent of women with mild bleeding in their early pregnancy – only half /less of this group ends in miscarriage!
In general, we cannot conclude whether it is normal /abnormal without a closely analysis of your doctor, but the most important thing you need to do is make sure you tell your doctor about any unusual symptom that you have!
What are reasons of the first trimester bleeding?!
It’s much better to understand the most common reasons of bleeding during pregnancy so thus you will understand what to look for! Still, don’t get the conclusion on your own – if you in doubt to your situation; don’t take the risk, see your doctor promptly!
There are a lot of causes that can lead this symptom. And the following are some possible causes & reasons of the vaginal bleeding in the first trimester (including for bleeding in the 6th week of pregnancy):
Bleeding from the implantation
This is very normal case. Many pregnant women will get some spots of bleeding in the 1st to 2nd week of pregnancy. This symptom sometimes may also occur in the 6th week of pregnancy.
In the early pregnancy, you may suppose that this spotting is the sign of your menstruation (light bleeding of your regular period) – but actually it is a sign that your embryo has implanted in the uterus. Read also causes of missed period on negative pregnancy test in here!
Implantation bleeding is different to the menstruation bleeding. Typically, It is lighter (very light) and usually only lasts a few days or even only a few hours.
It is a condition when the fertilized egg /embryo doesn’t implant in the right place (outside of the uterus). In many cases of ectopic pregnancy, the embryo usually implants in the fallopian tubes.
The improperly implantation can affect your fallopian tube or even it may burst when the embryo keeps growing. This is not only potential to cause abnormal bleeding, but also can be potentially life-threatening for a pregnant woman if left untreated.
Sometimes this kind of abnormal pregnancy may also be followed with other symptoms such as lightheadedness, pain /cramps in the abdomen (lower abdomen), etc. Fortunately ectopic pregnancy is very rare, only about 2 percent of all pregnancies that come with ectopic type – according to an article published on WebMD!
Gestational trophoblastic disease
This condition is also often called as ‘molar pregnancy’. It is a condition when there is no baby that grows in the uterus, but the growth of abnormal tissue in the uterus. Sometimes, this tissue may be cells of cancer that can spread to other sites of the body. Luckily, gestational trophoblastic disease is also very rare!
In addition, other molar pregnancy symptoms that may occur include enlargement uterus (in rapidly progress), nausea & vomiting, etc.
This reason is the biggest concern in bleeding that occurs in the first 3 months of pregnancy. This is reasonable since miscarriage is more likely to occur in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
As written before, almost half of pregnancies with bleeding eventually end in miscarriage. But once again, this doesn’t mean that when you have bleeding then you will definitely get miscarriage – particularly true if there are no other unusual symptoms that you have. Ask your doctor for in-depth information, particularly about other specific symptoms of miscarriage!
Other possible reasons
These may include:
- Changes of cervix, such as more blood that flows to the cervix which then may cause harmless vaginal bleeding (typically occurs after a pelvic exam or intercourse). For this case, it should not be worried but you need to report to your doctor to keep safe!
- Cancer of cervix.
- Infection! Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy 6 weeks /first trimester also can occur if you have infection of vagina and cervix. This infection can be caused by certain sexually transmitted infections (like herpes, gonorrhea, or Chlamydia).
What you should do – when you should call a doctor?
Since bleeding in any trimester can point a problem, again make sure to report your bleeding symptom to your doctor! Record also the blood type of your bleeding symptom, particular the color (such as red, pink, or brown) and other characteristics (such as full of clots or smooth). And don’t forget to use a pad in order to track how much you are bleeding!
Call /see your doctor immediately if you have one /some of the following symptoms:
- Unusual high fever (100.5 F /38.05 C or higher).
- Unusual vaginal discharge that also followed with tissue.
- Fainting /dizziness.
- Severe bleeding with /without pain.
- You experience intense cramps /pain in your lower abdomen.
Sexual intercourse and the use of tampon should be avoided when there is still bleeding. Your doctor may ask you to take an ultrasound test or other appropriately tests to find the clearly diagnosis.