Type-1 diabetes develops and occurs when the immune system of your body fights against the productions of insulin by pancreas. Cells of pancreas that have crucial function to make and produce insulin are called ‘beta cells’. Most patients with this disease can cope with the problem, but can it be reversed or cured naturally?
The pancreas of people with this disease is no longer to make hormone insulin. As a result, patients are easier to have increased blood sugar level.Since there is no any insulin in the bloodstream, most patients need to regularly take additional insulin injection in order to maintain the normal range of insulin in the bloodstream.
Why does your body need adequate hormone insulin in the blood stream? Insulin is very crucial to help cells of the body to absorb glucose (sugar) from the bloodstream. The absorption of this glucose then will be used by body to produce energy. If there is no adequate insulin, glucose in the bloodstream is difficult to be converted into energy and this will cause more accumulation of glucose in the blood which then can increase the level of your blood sugar.
If you are diagnosed with this disease, one of major goals of your treatment is to prevent or eliminate the risk of diabetes complications. Once the sign of complication occurs, it must be concerned as well and you need appropriate treatment immediately, because this situation can be potentially life-threatening if left untreated. As well we know, type-1 diabetes is a disease of lifelong condition – it is chronic condition and therefore the treatment is usually a lifelong commitment to follow the instructions from your healthcare provider. The disease is able to affect some major organs of patient, particularly such as blood vessels, kidneys, heart, nerves, and even eyes. Keeping the level of blood sugar as close to normal as possible for most of the time is common recommendation to significantly decrease your risk of diabetes complications.
In general, the less managed of your blood sugar – and the earlier you get diabetes – the greater chance of the complications to occur.
Most complications of this disease typically develop gradually that may take many years. Below are some common complications that may occur:
- Nephropathy – the damaged kidneys. Kidneys are major organs that crucial to filter blood and help produce urine. They have a lot of tiny blood vessel clusters. The accumulation and high volume of sugar in the bloodstream can be potential to damage and affect the way of kidneys in filtering waste from the blood. In severe case, this can lead to kidney failure.
- Problems related with blood vessels (heart disease). In fact, having diabetes is one of heart disease risk factors. In long term, the high volume of glucose in the bloodstream can cause blood vessel disease which then can generate other health conditions related with blood vessels (such as stroke, hypertension, heart attack, arthrosclerosis (problem of narrowing arteries), and chest pain).
- Decreased density of bone that can cause a health condition called osteoporosis.
- Hearing troubles. Some statistics show that people with diabetes are pretty common to also have certain hearing impairments.
- Neuropathy – a kind of health problem that affect nerve system (nerve damage). Excessively accumulation of sugar in the bloodstream increases the risk of injuring the walls of capillaries (very tiny blood vessels) that nourish a lot of nerves –particularly in your legs. This can lead to some discomforts that affect your legs such as pain, numbness, and tingling – or even a leg amputation (in severe case). Uncontrolled blood sugar level in people with diabetes may also damage the nerves of gastrointestinal tract which then can lead to some symptoms such as constipation, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. In men, the damaged nerves may cause erectile dysfunction.
- The risk of pregnancy complications! For pregnant women who have type-1 diabetes, it is very crucial to maintain their blood sugar level –otherwise they are at greater risk of having some pregnancy complications.
- Problems related to mouth and skin. Diabetes may increase the risk of developing some skin problems such as certain fungal and bacterial infections. Patients may also be vulnerable to have gum infections, particularly for those with a personal history of poor /bad dental hygiene.
- Vision problems! The body consists of many blood vessels. And your eyes also have some blood vessels – if these vessels affected by diabetes, there is a chance for you to have vision problems such as glaucoma, cataracts, or even blindness.
Pre-diabetes (particularly for type-2 diabetes) may be able to be reversed with some appropriate strategies (such as appropriate diet and exercise and some medical interventions if necessary), depending on the cause of the problem.
But if the beta cells of your pancreas have died or no longer to produce any insulin (type-1), there are still no answer for whether either medical interventions or natural ways can reverse or cure it. The problem is not only about the loss of pancreas’s ability in making insulin, but also the wrong mechanism of immune system that has contribution in destroying the beta cells of pancreas.
There is still no screening test to catch the existence of type-1 as early as possible. Many times, doctors often that this disease is unpreventable – there is still no clearly answer for the effective ways to prevent it.
Although it cannot be reversed or cured, some patients can cope with the disease. However, the prognosis of this disease varies from patient to patient.