If you are being pregnant and diagnosed with gestational diabetes, it’s so important to keep monitoring and managing the level of your blood sugar. And when it comes to managing blood glucose level, appropriate diet is a part of the primary treatment because any foods that you eat can be potential to affect the volume of glucose in your bloodstream. If you are still confused on how and where you should start your diet, here is gestational diabetes sample meal plan – however to keep safe and for best advice, it’s much better to discuss with your doctor before starting your diet.
Gestational diabetes is pretty rare in pregnancy, particularly if compared with type-2 diabetes (the most common type) – it only affects about 4 percent of all pregnancy cases.
After pregnancy, it usually will goes away on its own. However, if you have it during pregnancy, your risk of having type-2 increases later in your life! Therefore, it’s still important to stick with a well-balanced diet and healthy lifestyles to prevent prediabetes of type-2.
As noted before, controlling blood sugar as close to normal as possible is the major goal of your diet. However, there are also other crucial issues that you need to concern in your treatment plan. These may include:
- Your focus should not only your blood sugar – you need also to control blood pressure! Having high blood pressure during pregnancy also can increase your risk of getting some pregnancy complications.
- Eating right and in right amount! It’s not only important to make sure you get plenty of essential nutrients for your baby and your pregnancy, but also can help control your weight gain. How far you should gain weight during pregnancy – visit this section for in-depth information!
- There are several options to help monitor your blood sugar. But you can also monitor it through your urine. If you find ketones in your urine (ketones are a kind of acid that can signal uncontrolled blood sugar), tell your doctor!
- Diet is not single way of you treatment plan. You need also get plenty of physical activity (moderate exercise) to improve your fit status and your insulin sensitivity.
- If necessary, sometime your doctor may also ask you to take insulin replacement.
- Follow your treatment plan that made by your healthcare provider!
In general, meal plan for gestational diabetes is similar to meal plan for type-1 and type-2 diabetes.
But there may be some adjustments to make sure that your diet can provide plenty of nutrients for your pregnancy and the growth of your baby.
The following are major checklists of foods you need to restrict or avoid if necessary:
- Foods high in sodium. Salt may not directly affect your blood glucose, but it can affect your blood pressure. If you have diet high in salt, this can put you at greater risk of hypertension which can also be harmful for your baby.
- Foods high in cholesterol (such as high-fat animal products, high-fat dairy products, and shellfish). Control your cholesterol not more than 200 mg /day!
- Saturated fats which commonly found in bacon or other animal proteins and high-fat dairy products.
- Another unhealthy fat you need to restrict is trans-fat! It is commonly found in baked foods, fried-foods, and processed foods.
There are several different approaches of diet to manage your blood sugar. With the help of your registered dietitian or doctor, you may find one of the following methods or a combination of the following methods works for you:
The meal plan for pregnant women with gestational diabetes varies from person to person, depending on your normal calorie requirement /day, whether or not you take insulin, etc.With your dietitian, you can make some meal plans that meet your body needs. Your meal plan may also be adjusted along with the progress of your pregnancy.
The following is a sample meal plan if your body needs about 1,200 calories – 1,600 calories per day: