In many cases, gestational diabetes (GD) usually occurs and affects the mother and her baby in late pregnancy when the hormones triggered by placenta are pretty strong to affect the glucose metabolism.Pregnant women with GD should be more aware on their blood sugar. Uncontrolled blood sugar can be bad for them and their baby. Fortunately, most pregnant women with GD can successfully deliver a healthy baby from a healthy pregnancy. So, if you have it – don’t worry, there are plenty of options you can do to control it!
All pregnant women need to take a screening test for GD. In general, this test is performed at 24th to 28th week of pregnancy. But if you had GD in your previous pregnancy, your chance of getting it for the second time is higher and therefore your doctor may ask you to take the test before 13th week of pregnancy. The earlier time of taking this kind of test is also recommended for women with many risk factors of GD.
The placenta is the key of the reason. Some studies found that the production of many pregnancy hormones triggered by placenta can be potential to affect the insulin response which then may lead to insulin resistance.
If your insulin respond is lower than normal, your body cannot regulate the level of your blood glucose optimally. In other words, you are relatively easier to get an increased blood sugar.
Therefore, it is very important to keep closely monitoring your blood sugar if you have GD during pregnancy. For this reason, you need to stick with healthy practices, eating right, and getting plenty of exercise to keep active. Sometime your doctor also prescribes some insulin replacements to help your body for blood sugar control.
The cases of GD is pretty rare. This health metabolic condition affects about 3% to 5 % of all pregnancies! This means ‘you are not alone’ if your doctor say that you have GD.
Most cases of GD can be treated and managed successfully. Most patients can cope with the problem and can stick with the prescribed treatment plan as well. In other words, most of them have healthy pregnancy and also can deliver a healthy baby – as noted before.
You may not be able to get rid of GD during pregnancy, but it can be managed and even it will go away naturally after pregnancy.
As long as you can control your blood sugar as well during pregnancy, your risk of pregnancy complications due to GD can be eliminated. On the other hand, if it poorly controlled or left untreated, it can be very harmful for your baby.
If you have GD, your pancreas can work harder to create more insulin in order to reduce and help absorption of glucose in the bloodstream. This occurs due to the decreased insulin sensitivity. Poor insulin respond cannot work effectively to absorb glucose from the bloodstream (though your pancreas continuously works to produce more insulin).
The decreased insulin respond may not directly affect your baby, but you need to know that your blood with high glucose can goes through your placenta!
If this occurs, it can be too risky for the growth and development of your baby during pregnancy – your baby is at high risk of having high levels of blood glucose. Then if the pancreas organ of your baby has formed, the baby’s pancreas will respond the problem by also producing lots of insulin to lower the blood sugar.