Early onset type-2 diabetes symptoms can be very vague – even many patients who are diagnosed with this disease don’t realize that they are having it. However there are some warning signs you need to concern as well. Overall, if you in-doubt to any problem or symptom that may point to prediabetes, see a doctor promptly!
Unlike type-1, type-2 is not insulin-dependent diabetes. The body of patient is usually still able to make some hormone insulin (produced in pancreas by special cells called beta cells) but it doesn’t meet to the body needs which then cause a condition called ‘insulin resistance’.
Find more in-depth information for the differences of type-1 and type-2 on this section.
If compared to individuals with normal weight, Yes- this disease is more likely to occur in people with obesity. Even many researches have confirmed that obesity or overweight is the primary risk factor of type-2 diabetes.
If you have over 25 of body mass index ‘BMI’, it can be a warning sign because this can put you at higher risk than others of developing insulin resistance – according to WebMD. So if you seriously want to lower your risk of the disease, it’s very important to maintain and have healthy weight.
However, it’s not only about the issue of excessive fatness. Experts also believe that the level of your physical activities may have greater contribution. Though you have normal weight, you are still at high risk if you have poor fitness status.
Either too low or too high of blood sugar is not good for the health of your body. Each condition can cause some health problems.
While the high blood sugar is the major underline problem in people with diabetes, they also can experience some episodes of hypoglycemia – especially for those with type-1.
In non-diabetic person, the effects of hypoglycemia can be felt when he/she has gotten very hungry or after workout but without eating enough of foods before doing the exercise. For this case, it can occur to nearly everyone at sometime in life – completely normal and should be nothing to worry about!
Diabetes is not the single reason in causing hypoglycemia. In non diabetics, other conditions that can increase the risk of hypoglycemia are:
- After having certain stomach surgery.
- Abusing alcohol.
- Having certain metabolic problem.
- Health problems that affect pancreas, liver, or kidneys.
- Certain drugs /medicines such as certain antipsychotic agents, beta blockers, niacin, corticosteroids, etc – ask a doctor for in-depth information!
The signs of hypoglycemia may include:
- In sever case – it can lead to coma, seizures, or even death.
- In moderate case – it can generate dizziness (you feel confused), nervous, and feeling of short-tempered. Sometime it may cause blurred vision, loss of ability for the balance (trouble walking), and increased beats of heart rhythm.
- In mild case – increased feeling of hungry, vomiting, your heart beats more quickly than usual, easier to sweat, and clammy /cold skin are some symptoms that may occur.
Since there are also other health conditions that can generate the similar symptoms, the diagnosis of hypoglycemia is not enough from the signs and symptoms that you are having. You need to take several physical tests, especially such as blood test.
Hyperglycemia can be a serious condition for anyone, particularly for those who have diabetes. As noted before, it occurs if there is too much glucose (sugar) in the blood plasma or bloodstream.
Strenuous /too heavy physical activities, lack of physical activity, stress (excessive stress), illness, certain infection, unhealthy diet (especially consuming too much carbohydrate a day), and forgetting insulin injection (particularly for patients with type-1 diabetes) /skipping prescribed medicine for lowering glucose are some common reasons that can cause hyperglycemia in people with diabetes.
The early signs of hyperglycemia may include increased thirst, weight loss, frequent urination, dizziness /headaches, tired feeling (fatigue), decreased vision (blurred), problem in concentration, and if you check the level of your blood sugar – it increases higher than 180 mg /dL.
Once these early signs occur – if left untreated, there is chance for other serious conditions to occur. These may include:
- ED /erectile dysfunction in men or other problems due to nerve damage.
- More serious conditions that affect vision or even blindness.
- Diarrhea or constipation that lasts longer than usual /chronic.
- Damage to the blood vessels, damage to the kidneys.
- Vulnerable to have some skin infections.
- And slow-healing sores /cuts.
Most cases of hyperglycemia occur in people with diabetes. But there are also a few cases of hyperglycemia that happen due to other health conditions (in the absence of diabetes diagnosis).
Some studies suggest that a frequent high stress generated by certain health problems (like myocardial infarction or stroke) may contribute to trigger & cause hyperglycemia – or the opposite may occurs.
In general, most signs and symptoms of high blood sugar in diabetics also can occur in non-diabetics. These may include frequent urination, blurred visions or eye problems, increased feeling of hunger & thirst, lack of energy & fatigue, skin problems (such itchy /dry problem), ED in men, etc.
Having too high blood sugar during pregnancy is often associated with a condition called gestational diabetes. Though it can increase the risk of some pregnancy complications, but it usually goes away on its own after giving birth. However, if you have it during pregnancy – you have an increased risk of having type-2 diabetes later in your life.
High blood sugar in a pregnant woman can lead to problems for her and her baby. For instances, she is more likely to deliver baby with too large in size so thus can lead to some problems for the delivery. The baby may also tend to have hypoglycemia at birth.
The clearly answer for the cause of gestational diabetes is unclear. In some pregnant women, the hormone insulin produced by pancreas may not work optimally as well as like before pregnant. This may occur due to some hormones produced by placenta affect the way of insulin to work.
Fortunately with the right treatment, most pregnant women with gestational diabetes can cope with the problem and deliver healthy baby. If you are being pregnant, you need to take glucose tolerance test in the 24-28th weeks of your pregnancy to find whether or not you have gestational diabetes – according to the recommendation from the American Diabetes Association.
How about with the signs and symptoms? Some common symptoms are increased hunger, blurred vision, increased urination and thirst, but gestational diabetes may also not generate any sign.
Furthermore, some of the signs also can be a normal part of pregnancy. For instances, while some pregnant women with gestational diabetes say that they experience increased hunger and frequent urination – but at the same time, both symptoms are also common signs of pregnancy.
When we are talking about early onset signs of type-2 diabetes, it often refers to a condition called prediabetes.
Some signs that can be noticed earlier may include unusual fatigue, extreme /unusual thirst, blurred /decreased vision, and a frequent urge to urinate.