Does Low Blood Sugar Cause High Blood Pressure in Diabetics?

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It’s clear that uncontrolled diabetes increases the risk of hypertension (high blood pressure). Even about 2 out of 3 people with diabetes experience hypertension in their life. How about low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Does it also have a contribution to cause high blood pressure?

The treatment of diabetes itself is more focused to control the level of blood glucose, particularly to make sure that it doesn’t increase higher than normal. In essence, the major goal of the treatment is to maintain the blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible. However there is always a chance for episodes of hypoglycemia to occur in diabetics.

Episodes of low blood sugar in diabetics

As well we know, there are two major types of diabetes; type-1 and type-2.

In general, type-1 is a condition of when the pancreas is much less productive in producing hormone insulin than type-2. Even some people with type-1 have pancreas that is not able to make any insulin. This is the reason of why most people with type-1 need to take insulin replacement.

Unfortunately, there are also pros and cons of taking insulin in diabetics. While it can be help provide adequate insulin for blood sugar control, sometimes it also increases the risk of hypoglycemia particularly if taken improperly.

Therefore if compared with type-2, episodes of hypoglycemia is relatively more common in type-1!

What actually is your blood pressure?

It is a pressure that describes how strong the blood flows through your blood vessels. The higher pressure inside your blood vessels means the more likely your heart to work harder in pumping the blood, which is bad for your cardiovascular system over the long run.

Uncontrolled hypertension can cause damage to the blood vessel itself, increasing the risk of some serious health conditions, such as stroke, heart failure, etc.

When you check the pressure, you will find 2 different numbers (for example, 120 /90 mm Hg) from the result of the test.

  1. The first number is usually higher than the second number. It points to blood pressure called ‘systolic’. It describes the pressure of when your heart pumps the blood.
  2. The second number is called ‘diastolic’, when your heart relaxes or between beats of your heart.

Can low blood sugar affect blood pressure in diabetics?

Hypoglycemia in diabetics might have a role to raise blood pressure level.

But hypertension in diabetics are much more common associated with hyperglycemia! This is reasonable since too much glucose in the blood stream can hurt the blood vessels. High blood sugar with high cholesterol can cause narrowing and hardening arteries.

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