Eczema can affect many parts of the body, including behind your ears. Ear eczema can be a painful condition and extremely irritating. The severity of the problem can vary, from slight dryness behind the ears to severe & extensive soreness, skin loss or even infection. Fortunately, the problem can be treated – though it also can be chronic.
There are several types of eczema that can cause rash, red, dry and itchy behind ears. And in general, the exact cause of eczema itself is still not known.
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Experts theorize that the problem may be triggered by the combination of different factors such as genetic, immune system disorder, or even lifestyle factors.
So, there are number of causes that can lead to this skin disorder. Therefore, don’t make any conclusion on your own. It’s always best to consult with your dermatologist /doctor for more advice.
The problem should be treated as well in order to prevent the complication such as infection. There is currently no cure for the problem and it may become a chronic condition. However it can be controlled and the flare up can be prevented.
At first, the problem affects the external ear (such as behind ear). But if it is not treated properly, there is chance for the problem to also affect the inside of the ear which then eventually will be potential to cause internal inflammation called Otitis Externa.
As mentioned before, there are some forms of eczema that can occur and affect ears. They are allergic contact dermatitis, atopic eczema, irritant contact dermatitis, and seborrhoeic eczema. For other types of eczema, visit this section!
As the name implies, this type is typically triggered by a particular substance to which sufferer is allergic. There are several things that can trigger the flare up of this type, these may include:
- Wearing bad quality earrings (particularly one that is made from nickel or cheap metals).
- Hearing aids, telephone receivers, or even headphones may also be the cause, particularly for some that are made from cheap & poor material
- The side effect of using certain medicines, particularly some that are directly applied to your ears (like ear drops).
- Other things such as headgear, hair nets, or bathing caps may also be the reason of the flare-up of the problem – particularly if they are made from nickel or rubber.
- Even in some cases – perfumes, nail-varnish, perm solutions, and hair dyes also can trigger the flare-up and worsen the problem.
Additionally, if you are individual who use eyeglasses, make sure that this accessory is comfort for both of your ears because you need to use it for many hours per day. Tight-fitting glass can cause irritation on the skin.
In general, this type is the most common type of eczema. And it is also pretty common in causing red and rash skin behind ears. It can attack people of all ages, including babies.
And like most things in eczema, the affected skin can be dry, itchy, and red. If left untreated, there is chance for the problem to cause infection in the affected skin, especially if you scratch it.
Like other types, the exact cause of this type is also unclear yet. But typically, it can occur when the skin is irritated by certain substance, which causes the affected skin to become itchy, dry, and red in color.
There are some irritants that can trigger this kind of eczema. Some of them can be perfume, hair spray, hair gels, harsh soap, shampoos, and perm solution – these can vary from person to person.
This type may be the most common type of eczema that affects ears. And it can attack all ages (adults, children, and even babies).
It usually affects the hairy and greasy skin such as scalp of the head. Therefore, many times it can cause hair loss. See this section for more detailed information about seborrhoeic eczema and hair loss.
The affected skin can be scaly, red, and also often come with dandruff – and the symptoms can vary in severity. Furthermore, there is chance for the affected skin to get infected.
The cause (trigger factors) and symptoms that you have can play a key role for your doctor in making the treatment plan.
The following are some common checklists of possible treatment to help improve and relieve ear eczema: