… Continued …
Baby in pregnancy needs plenty of energy to develop & grow. But if the baby’s body is supplied with too much blood sugar, there is a chance for the baby to get higher energy supply and stored as fat.
If this continuously occurs, it increases the risk of a condition called ‘macrosomia’ or gaining weigh excessively – as a result, you are likely to deliver a overweight newborn (larger or heavier than average).
If you are not diagnosed with GD in your first pregnancy but you deliver an overweight baby (over 9 pounds), you may also have a greater chance of developing GD in your next pregnancy.
Furthermore, babies with macrosomia are also at high risk of some pregnancy complications, which may include:
- Hypoglycemia (too low blood sugar) due to the excessive production of insulin during pregnancy.
- Breathing problems (such as respiratory distress syndrome).
- The risk of having obesity problem later in their life.
In addition, poorly-controlled gestational diabetes may cause increased risk of type-2 diabetes for your baby. Moreover, uncontrolled blood sugar in pregnant women with GD can increase the risk of delivering the baby earlier before the due date.