kidneys filter about 90 ml (milliliters) blood or more per minute. But over
time this GFR (glomerular filtration rate) decreases, making chronic kidney
failure more likely. A number of factors and conditions can worsen the problem.
So what causes low kidney function?
most organs in the body, the kidney function decreases in time. Unfortunately,
most people don’t realize about this slip and the impact up to the point that the
level drops quite a lot.
symptoms are likely more noticeable when you only have 10 percent of your
kidney function. So we may feel fine until the functioning level of the kidney
is almost gone.
Actually this bean-shaped organ ranks very highly at its natural ability to repair and heal itself. But this doesn’t mean it always can repair itself. And when the damage has become advanced (beyond its self-natural healing), transplantation may be the only answer .
things first, keep alert on symptoms that may signal a problem to your kidneys.
Early treatment will help a lot. Even a few changes of lifestyle measures would
help significantly if the damage has not become advanced.
signs and symptoms for ‘low function’ level of the kidneys are often
nonspecific, some of the most common ones are as follows :
High blood pressure (hypertension). Your blood pressure is relatively easier to increase with low function level.
Changes in urine, especially the appearance of urine. For examples it may become frothy or bubbly, you need to flush the toilet several times to make it go away. Highly bubbly urine may signal more protein in the urine. And change in color – if you have internal bleeding in the urinary tract, urine’s color may turn to become darker, pink, or red.
Changes in the habit on how you pass urine. For example, more frequent passing of urine. The low function level can lead to an increase in the urge for urination, including at night.
Swelling in feet and ankles due to more sodium retention. This may also cause puffiness around the eyes.
impurities, toxins, and electrolyte imbalance in the blood may also cause the
following vogue symptoms; metallic taste (bad breath) in the mouth, muscle
cramps, pin-&-needles in the toes or/and fingers, skin itching, dry skin,
trouble (difficulty) sleeping, poor appetite, difficulty concentrating, headaches,
and shortness of breath.
United States, diabetes and high blood pressure are two common causes affecting
kidney function and leading to kidney failure .
Blame it on diabetes (high blood sugar)
is a chronic disease in which the body loses its ability to make adequate
insulin (a hormone to control sugar in the blood) or unable to use normal
amounts of hormone insulin properly. As a result, blood sugar level is easy to spike
higher than normal.
problems in diabetics are quite common.
About 10-40 percent of people with type 2 diabetes eventually get kidney failure – and about 30 percent for people with type 1 diabetes experience the same complication .
A high concentration
level of sugar (glucose) in the bloodstream can lead to serious problems in
many parts and organs of the body, including the kidneys. This can hurt blood
vessels in the kidneys, making them work harder so their performance tends to
decrease in time.
uncontrolled high blood sugar can also hurt nerves in the body which some may
impair your bladder function. If the bladder emptying mechanism doesn’t work
well, this can drive more pressure that pushes and injures the kidneys.
are likely to have urine containing high sugar level. If urine stays in the
bladder for a long period of time, you’re at high risk of developing infection
from harmful bacteria growth in urine. The infection in the urinary tract can
spread to the kidneys.
Hypertension, the second leading cause for kidney failure
that flows inside the blood vessel will produce pressure (force) pushing
against the wall of blood vessel. This force is what we call as blood pressure.
blood circulation is a streamlined blood flow through blood vessels with normal
number of factors can provoke hypertension (high blood pressure), increasing
the amount of force that blood induces on the wall of blood vessels as it
circulates through the body. These factors could be changes in blood properties
(elevated blood viscosity or extra fluid in the blood for examples) – or due to
changes in blood vessels (such as atherosclerosis, narrowing blood vessels).
of nephrons, super tiny structures in the kidneys, are responsible to filter
unnecessary things (including wastes and excess fluid) from the blood. And
these nephrons are supplied with a dense system of blood vessels with high
amounts of blood circulation through them.
uncontrolled high blood pressure in the body can provoke the blood vessels to
stretch and work harder in order to boost blood flow more optimally. Over time
this extra stretching will weaken and hurt the blood vessels throughout your
body, including kidney’s blood vessels.
result, arteries in the kidneys may turn to get narrowed, stiff (hard), and
weak (more fragile). The damaged renal blood vessels are not able to deliver
blood properly to the kidney tissues. This can significantly ruin your kidney
renal blood vessels stop functioning normally, the more likely for the kidneys
to stop working (failure).
Hypertension does carry serious effect on your kidneys health. Even the percentage of kidney failure associated with hypertension increases by about 7.7 % from 2000 to 2010, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
you have hypertension, controlling your blood pressure is a must. The good
news, high blood pressure is preventable and manageable.
What causes low kidney function (what else)?
is probably the third most common cause for kidney failure. As the name
implies, it is a disease affecting the tiny filter structure of the kidney
the exact cause of glomerulonephritis is not identifiable, but it’s commonly
linked to the abnormality of body immune system . In mild cases, it’s treatable.
But it also could turn to be serious if not controlled as well. Because it will
cause a gradual loss of kidney function in long term!
and diseases that may lead to low kidney function and (if poorly controlled)
would induce kidney failure are as follows:
Polycystic kidney disease!
a chronic, inherited condition in which the kidneys get enlarged and decrease
in function due to clusters of cysts (non-cancerous growth) that form within
the cysts are non-cancerous sacs, they may grow large enough to ruin the kidney
function. Even for small sacs, they may also cause damage to the kidneys if they
grow too much.
cysts vary in its severity. The good news, they are treatable and some
complications can be prevented. Early treatment before they become advanced
would help a lot to deal with 
a disorder affecting the tubules of the kidney! It causes inflammation to the
spaces between the tubules, resulting low kidney function.
inflammation could be acute or chronic. Acute interstitial nephritis usually
has to do with side effects of certain medications.
things that may cause the disorder include; autoimmune diseases, allergic
reaction, infections, and the imbalance of certain substances in your blood
(e.g. too much calcium, high uric acid, or too low potassium in the blood) .
Chronic obstruction in the urinary tract!
something goes awry in your urinary system, this may also affect the kidneys.
Urinary tract obstruction, especially if it occurs close to the kidneys, would
make the kidneys work harder.
conditions can lead to this prolonged obstruction. These include kidney stones,
abnormality structures (birth defects), strictures (narrowed scar tissue), and enlarged
prostate or prostate cancer (in men). Older men are also at risk of getting the
obstruction from benign prostatic hyperplasia .
bacterial infection may provoke scarring, impairing the kidney function and
even a failure (in severe cases). Immediate prompt treatment is usually
necessary to get rid of the infection completely.
come from the bladder or urethra which then spread to the kidneys. Sometimes
they may come elsewhere in the body and travel to the kidneys through
bloodstream. The infection may also occur after surgery in rare cases .
Poor diet and lifestyle factors
Your poor diet and lifestyle factors would also make low kidney function more likely.
Your kidneys are responsible to filter blood and keep it in balance. That’s why it makes sense if poor diet and heart-unhealthy lifestyles are also bad the kidneys. Here are a few examples to avoid: