Diabetes, a common (chronic) high blood sugar condition, can affect anyone — millions of people affected with this metabolic syndrome in the United States. So what is too high blood sugar, when the level is considered as diabetes? And what are safe blood sugar level ranges for non-diabetics (healthy individuals) and diabetics?
considered as a diabetic, a term used to call an individual with diabetes, when
the level of your blood sugar (also called glucose)
is higher than normal. Unfortunately, some people are probably unaware when
their level is high since they don’t know what diabetes symptoms look like.
to NIDDK (the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases),
a staggering 25 percent of individuals with diabetes don’t realize they live
with the disease. Furthermore, 1 out of 3 people (adults) probably has a
condition called pre-diabetes, one CDC report suggests. Pre-diabetes is
borderline diabetes, a phase when your blood sugar is higher than normal but
it’s not high enough to be classified as diabetes.
It’s usually hard to tell whether or not you’re diabetic if you only rely on the symptoms. The best way to accurately catch it is by measuring your blood sugar level! This can help figure out whether you’re in a healthy range.
Blood sugar levels are usually classified into two categories; when fasting and after eating (postprandial). In most healthy individuals, these are as follows (according to NICE guidelines):
- When fasting (usually taken in the morning
before you eat anything): between 72 to 99 mg /dL (4.0 to 5.4 mmol/L).
- Two hours after eating: 140 mg /dl (7.8 mmol/L) or
the normal level may also vary from person to person. For some people, 60 mg
/dL (fasting) is probably still OK – ask a doctor for more guidance!
test to check blood sugar level is not always recommended for healthy
individuals. But you may need to take the test if you experience signs and
symptoms of diabetes.
early warning signs could be vogue or so mild, making you unaware to the
existence of the disease (particularly true for type-2 diabetes, the most common
form of diabetes). Some people may not have any noticeable symptom until the
disease causes long-term damage.
general, here are a few common signs and symptoms of diabetes :
urination, which may also be followed with being thirstier. It’s normal in 24
hours to pass urine 4-7 times. But with diabetes, you’re likely to go a lot
more due to high amounts of glucose in the bloodstream.
and hunger! The disease pushes your blood sugar up, but this is not enough to
be transferred into cells of the body for energy since there’s something wrong
with insulin. As a result, you’re easier to feel more tired than usual and
skin and dry mouth. These symptoms could be a consequence when your body uses
more fluids to make pee.
changes in vision. Fluid imbalance in the body may affect the lenses of your
eyes, causing swelling and decreased vision.
type 2 diabetes is likely to cause yeasts infections, slow healing wounds
/sores /cuts, and pain (numbness) in the legs. Type 1 diabetes might also cause
unintentional weight loss, nausea, and vomiting .
blood sugar regularly is usually important for people with the following
especially those who’re taking insulin.
a hard time in managing blood glucose levels.
women. Pregnancy may cause gestational diabetes, which could be dangerous if
not regularly monitored.
blood glucose level (hypoglycemia) without warning signs and symptoms.
if you have ketones, blood acids that build up when your body is craving for
energy by burning fat.
blood sugar probably is not as practical as checking blood pressure. But in
general, most people can do it at home. Just poke your fingertip and then use a
blood glucose meter unit to check the level!
some people (depending on their situations) may need to have a continuous
glucose monitor (CGM) to get a more complete picture of the levels. For more
guidance about this CGM, talk to your healthcare team!
normal blood glucose level is an important variable to support your overall
health, especially your cardiovascular system. If the level is too low, lower
than normal (hypoglycemia), the natural mechanism of your body to function is
goes when the level increases higher than normal. High blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
can hurt blood vessels, nerves, and primary organs of the body. Over the long
run, this will lead to a vast number of complications, which some could be
dangerous and life-threatening if left untreated!
common preferred methods to look for diabetes are plasma glucose test when
fasting and 2 hours after meal.
plasma glucose test (FPG), taken at least 8 hours after meal, is considered as
a signal of diabetes when the level is 126 ml/dl or higher. In such case, the
test is usually followed with plasma glucose test 2 hours after eating (the
result should be higher for diabetes diagnosis, that’s greater than 200 mg/dl)
or repeated FPG on a subsequent day for more accurate diagnosis.
about pre-diabetes? A FPG 100 mg/dl to 125 mg/dl – and 140 mg/dl to 199 mg/dl
(2 hours after meal) are considered as pre-diabetes .
addition, (if necessary) random glucose plasma test is also probably suggested.
In this test, your healthcare team takes your blood sample for the test at any
summary, check the following table!
||2 hours after eating
||5.5 mmol/l (100 mg/dl) or lower
||7.8 mmol/l (140 mg/dl) or lower
||11.1 mmol/l (200 mg/dl) or lower
||5.5 to 6.9 mmol/l ( 100 to 125 mg/dl)
||7.8 to 11.0 mmol/l (140 to 199 mg/dl)
||7.0 mmol/l (126 mg/dl ) or higher
||11.1 mmol/l (200 mg/dl) or higher
||11.1 mmol/l (200 mg/dl) or higher
metric system for ‘mmol/L’ is a scientific unit to measure chemicals. It stands
for milimoles per liter.
diabetics, keeping blood sugar level as normal as possible will be a key part
to control the disease and prevent its complications. So it’s very important to
understand what the level means!
you’re diabetic, ask your doctor about your blood sugar level targets. Because
the level targets may have a degree of different interpretation for each case!
But in general, blood sugar level targets for people with diabetes are as
4 to 7 mmol/L (70 to 126 mg/ dl) – before
meal; for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
8.5 mmol/L (153 mg /dl) or lower in people with type 2 diabetes –or– about 9
mmol/L (162 mg/dl) or lower in people with type 1 diabetes – after meal (at least 90 minutes or 2
hours after eating)!
there should be nothing to worry when you have diabetes as long as it’s managed
as well. It could be dangerous (fatal) when it has caused its complications.
diabetes may cause a condition called diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome, when the
body has an extreme spike in blood sugar level (too high, much higher than
hyperosmolar syndrome is serious condition. It is relatively more common in
type 2 diabetes, intensive immediate treatment is necessary!
have too high blood sugar level, your body works harder to get rid of the
excess glucose in the bloodstream! In such case, this will usually drive you to
pass more urine to eliminate the excess through urine!
With diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome, the level could be 33.3 mmol /L (600 mg /dl), and this would lead to serious complications such as diabetic coma . Diabetic coma can drive you to have unconsciousness, you’re alive but you lose control in purposefully responding stimulation (sounds or sights) and you can’t awaken!
immediate proper treatment, diabetic coma could be fatal! This is scary situation,
but you can take preventive steps to reduce the risk of this complication —
yes it’s preventable!
the blood sugar level is the key to keep diabetes complications (including
diabetic coma) at bay. Here are a few easy things you can do to deal with high