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The following are some indications when you may need insulin:
- Insulin is more common in type-1 diabetes.
- If hyperglycemia (the level of blood sugar is too high) occurs.
- If you experiences pneumonia or other serious infections.
- If you need to take a major surgery due to certain health conditions or other reasons.
- The presence of serious diabetes complication (like heart disease).
- With pregnancy! Pregnancy increases the risk of high blood sugar. Therefore, pregnant women with type-2 diabetes are likely to be suggested to take insulin therapy.
Other possible conditions that encourage the use of insulin injection may include:
- The presence of painful diabetic neuropathy.
- If you have certain disorders that encourage the use of steroids.
- Your blood sugar level is higher than 200 mg/dL.
- If you have a rapid weight loss.
- If you need to stay at hospital due to certain conditions.
They are commonly injected through the skin into subcutaneous layer (the fatty issue beneath the skin). They are not directly injected into the bloodstream or muscles.
Factors /conditions that can have contribution to delay the absorption of insulin include:
- Over-use of the same site for injection.
- Cigarette smoking – if you have type-2 diabetes, cigarette smokin can delay the absorption of your insulin injection.
The site of the body for injection can affect how fast of the absorption.
If you want to change the site of your injection, ask your doctor first!