How Does Prostate Cancer Affect the Male Urinary System?

As the name suggests, prostate cancer is a group of abnormal cells that grow and affect a man’s prostate. Once you have it, there is a chance for the disease to affect the way of your urinary system to work. As a result you may experience some problems associated with urinary system.

Prostate is a vital organ of men. It has crucial function to create some semifinal fluids that maintain and transport sperm. Therefore when it is no longer to work optimal, this can affect the reproductive system. But since prostate cancer is more likely to occur in elderly men (older than 50-65 years of age), the issue of infertility is usually not the major concern.

How common is prostate cancer?

Unfortunately, it is one of the most common cancers that affect men. In the U.S, it is one of the most major health concerns for men. As mentioned before, it is rare in men who younger than 50 years of age, and did you know that men who older than 50 have at least traces of this kind of cancer?!

The statistics of this cancer varies in all over the world. It is pretty rare in some countries of Latin America, Africa, and Asia – but it is pretty common in elderly men of African-American (this group also has the highest statistic of death rate). And there is still no clearly answer why this happens!

Like other cancer, the early detection of prostate cancer can significantly affect the prognosis of patient. In other words, early stage of this disease is relatively easier to treat than when it is diagnosed at later stages. And fortunately, most cases of this cancer in the U.S (about 85 percent) are now able to be diagnosed earlier.

The anatomy of prostate

This walnut-sized gland organ is located between penis and bladder. In the back of prostate, there is another important organ called rectum.

Between penis and bladder, a urethra lines through the center of prostate. And this urethra has crucial function to support the male urinary system, because it is important to regulate and let the urine flow out. Below is a helpful picture (credit to WebMD) to describe the anatomy of a man’s prostate.

prostate_organ_credit_to_webmd

As written before, prostate is crucial for the male reproductive system. It is important to secretes some crucial fluids to nourishes & protect sperm. It will squeeze this fluid during ejaculation. As a result, then this fluid will be transferred into urethra and then will be expelled as semen with sperm.

In addition, cancer is not the single health condition that affects prostate. There are also other health problems that often affect the way of prostate to work, such as benign prostatic hypertrophy (often described as enlarged prostate problem) and prostatitis (a kind of inflammation that affects prostate).

Then, how does cancer of prostate affect the male urinary system? Keep reading!

The anatomy of male urinary system – how does it work?

The bladder and kidneys are two crucial organs to create urine and then waste it out. How do they work? As well we know, kidneys have function to filter and clean the blood. Therefore, it can filter unintended water and waste products from blood which then convert them into urine.

Then this urine will be distributed to the bladder. There are some small tubes called ureters that line from the kidneys to the bladder. These tubes are vital to transfer urine from kidneys to bladder. In the bladder, the urine will be temporarily stored until it full.

From the bladder, urine then will be distributed through another small tube called urethra. Once the urine enters urethra, it will be wasted when you pee. The following is a helpful picture of male urinary system (image credit to HealthWise)!

urinary_system_of_male_credit_to_HealthWise

From these explanations, there is no directly contribution of prostate in regulating your urine cycle. But how does prostate cancer affect the way of your urinary system to work?

So, how does cancer of prostate affect the male urinary system?

There is always a chance for all kinds of cancer to spread. And once they spread, there will be more complications that can be generated. The spread of cancer is often categorized into later stages. And for this case, the treatment is usually more focused to improve the quality of patient’s life.

  • Brain

    Prostate cancer is scary.. it can attack anyone, particularly in older men – your risk increases as you age!

  • Omar

    I am curious how to reduce the risk of prostate cancer. Are there any steps we can do to prevent this fatal disease?