It’s clear that diabetes can give contribution to cause an increased risk of hypertension (high blood pressure). Even about 2 out of 3 people with diabetes experience hypertension during their life. But does low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) also can have a contribution to cause high blood pressure? The answer may be ‘yes’, but not directly!
The treatment of diabetes itself is more focused to control the level of blood glucose, particularly to make sure that blood sugar doesn’t reach too high or higher than normal. In essence, the major goal of the treatment is to maintain the blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible. This means that there is also a chance for episodes of hypoglycemia to occur in diabetics.
Episodes of low blood sugar in diabetics
As well we know, there are two major types of diabetes; type-1 and type-2. In general, type-1 is a condition of when the pancreas is much less productive in producing hormone insulin than type-2. Even some people with type-1 have pancreas that is not able to make any insulin for blood glucose control. This is the reason of why most people with type-1 need to take insulin replacement.
Unfortunately, there are also pros and cons of taking insulin in diabetics. While it can be helpful to provide adequate insulin for blood sugar control, but sometime it also can lead to hypoglycemia particularly if taken improperly. Therefore if compared with type-2, episodes of hypoglycemia is relatively more common in type-1!
What actually is your blood pressure?
It is the force or pressure that occurs between blood that flow through the blood vessels and the wall of blood vessel itself. The high pressure inside your blood vessels means that your heart needs to work harder to pump the blood around the body. This is bad for your overall health in long term. Uncontrolled hypertension can cause damage to the blood vessel itself which then will lead to some serious health conditions, such as stroke, heart failure problem, etc.
When you check the pressure inside your blood vessel, you will find 2 different numbers (such as 120 /90 mmHg) from the result of your test.
- The first number is usually higher than the second number. It points to blood pressure called ‘systolic’. It describes the pressure of when your heart pumps the blood.
- The second number is called ‘diastolic’. It describes of when your heart relaxes or between beats of your heart.
Can low blood sugar affect blood pressure in diabetics?
Hypoglycemia in diabetics may have contribution to raise blood pressure, but many experts believe that high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) and insulin resistance itself in diabetics have much more contribution! Even some experts believe that hypoglycemia may affect blood pressure, but it doesn’t have a significant contribution to cause an increased level of blood pressure.
Both hypoglycemia and hypertension is linked (even in non-diabetics), but not directly – according to an article published on Health Tap. Both conditions are tied to dietary changes and also you can reverse them with a well-regularly exercise and appropriately weight loss if you are being overweight. Sometime medical intervention may be needed to improve them. Talk your GP /doctor for in-depth information about these issues!
Why hypertension is pretty common in diabetics?
There are some reasons. First, diabetes and hypertension have some same risk factors particularly such as obesity and physically inactive. In other words, people with obesity and lack of exercise are not only more likely to develop diabetes but they also have a high risk of developing hypertension.
The other reasons are the insulin resistance itself in diabetes and kidneys damage. Insulin resistance is a condition of when cells of the body is poor reactive to hormone insulin released by pancreas. It is also can be defined as a condition of when insulin is poorly effective in lowering glucose /sugar in the bloodstream.
When your body develops insulin resistance, the body cannot optimally store magnesium. Magnesium with potassium is important to maintain the balance of salt in the cells of your body. Lack of magnesium can trigger the muscles to constrict – as a result, your body is relatively easier to also develop high blood pressure.
How about kidney disease due to diabetes? Problem of kidney is one of uncontrolled diabetes complications. Once your kidney is no longer to work properly, this also can affect the fluctuation of your blood pressure which then put you at greater chance of having hypertension.